Are you ready for some punctuation fun?! Today we’re looking at how to use exclamation marks (also known as exclamation points) in your written work!

Warning! Exclamatory sentences loose in this post.

The exclamation mark is becoming more common, especially online (the Wild West of the written word). But there are some things you need to know about how they should be used.

When to Use an Exclamation Mark

Originally called a ‘note of admiration’, exclamation marks are still used to express excitement. However, they can also show surprise or other strong emotions. They’re used with short interjections (e.g. ‘Wow!’), too.

  • Excitement‘I’m really looking forward to the weekend!’
  • Tie Bright Hugo Sunshine Bright Sunshine Hugo Red Sunshine Red Tie Hugo Surprise‘You can’t be serious!’
  • Interjection‘Wait! I forgot to tell you about the shark!’

Bright Red Sunshine Sunshine Hugo Tie Hugo Sunshine Tie Bright Red Hugo There’s no restriction on the type of sentence that can end with exclamation points, but they’re best saved for saying something forceful or emphatic.

Pop a toothy fish upright after a word, and you have an ‘exclamation shark’.

Punctuating Exclamations

Exclamation marks are a form of terminal punctuation, so they usually take the place of a full stop at the end of a sentence:

I’m so excited about punctuation!

I’m so excited about punctuation!.

You can also use exclamation points in parentheses within a longer sentence. In these cases, the sentence should end with a standard full stop:

Punctuation doesn’t excite me (not even exclamation marks!). Tie Hugo Tie Red Hugo Red Bright Hugo Sunshine Sunshine Sunshine Bright

Punctuation doesn’t excite me (not even exclamation marks!)

Furthermore, when an exclamation point occurs in written dialogue, it replaces the mid-sentence comma before the closing speech mark:

‘I can’t believe you ate the whole thing,’ Bob said.

‘I can’t believe you ate the whole thing!’ Bob said.

‘I can’t believe you ate the whole thingHugo Hugo Red Hugo Sunshine Bright Sunshine Tie Red Bright Sunshine Tie !,’ Bob said.

Formal Writing

Exclamation marks are rare in formal writing, where excessive enthusiasm is usually inappropriate. This isn’t to say you can never use an exclamation mark in formal writing. But you should ask yourself whether it’s necessary to use an exclamation point instead of a full stop.

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Too Many Exclamations!!!

The author Terry Pratchett suggested that sanity is inversely proportional to the number of exclamation marks a person uses. This is a little harsh, but it’s true that multiple exclamation marks at the end of a sentence are rarely necessary, even in informal writing.

So remember: one exclamation point is enough! The only reason you’ll need more is to give the impression of someone losing control.

Added warning: IF YOU COMBINE EXCLAMATION MARKS WITH ALL CAPS, YOU CAN SEEM A BIT UNHINGED AND SHOUTY!!!!

Useful for sounding like Brian Blessed, though.
(Photo: Kirsty Downs)

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